Diabetes is a serious chronic disease caused by an increase in blood sugar levels. Many people live with diabetes for many years and do not pay attention to the obvious signs of the disease. Insulin deficiency or ineffective effects in the body can affect the rise in sugar levels. It is important to note that diabetes is a disease that has its own varieties. Basically, diabetics can be divided into 2 types: insulin-dependent (type 1 diabetes) and insulin-independent (type 2). This disease is incurable and if the patient is diagnosed with this disease, it will accompany him throughout his life.
Often, people with this disease are interested in the diet and foods that can be used in their diets to normalize and balance their metabolism in the body. Preference for products should be attributed to vegetables, fruits, meat and dairy products. Nowadays, doctors are of the opinion that proper nutrition is the best prevention against diabetes. If you have already been diagnosed with diabetes, you need to find the right treatment (limit your intake of additional medications) and follow the right diet. The key is not to self-medicate when diagnosing such a disease, but to consult with an endocrinologist who can tell you all about diabetes, prescribe the treatment you need, and tell you how to behave properly and actually live with diabetes. Many people don’t even think about how dangerous this disease is and how many people in the world die from late diagnosis or complications from diabetes. In this article, we examine the basic nutritional rules for each type of diabetes and examine the list of foods that are better to refuse and that, on the contrary, prefer them.
Type 1 Diabetes Diet
Type 1 diabetes is more dangerous and more severe. When this type is diagnosed, a person is prescribed insulin injections, which must be given throughout their lives. Many people do not follow a diabetic diet, and as a result, the disease can progress quickly, cause complications, and provoke various diseases.
The main treatment for patients with type 1 diabetes is to select the right insulin and the required doses. It is very important that the doctor chooses the medicine correctly, its dosage and also helps to formulate the necessary diet, as it can also be adjusted individually. Proper treatment is essential for diabetics. Because if treatment is not started on time, the consequences can be severe. Of course, insulin itself normalizes blood sugar levels, but with proper diet, the number of daily injections can be reduced. And let’s not forget that only the treating doctor prescribes treatment and diet, as type 1 diabetes is quite dangerous and it is better not to “play with it”.
There is a special system for calculating the required dose of insulin and the food consumed. This system is called the “unit of bread”. Under this system, a unit of bread is equivalent to 10 to 15 grams of carbohydrates. Simply put, a unit of bread is, for example, an orange or a slice of bread. As a general rule, physicians issue a table in which the patient can mark and check the level of units of bread.
Otherwise, it is worth noting that all doctors recommend keeping a diabetic diary, which should list all the food consumed during the day and the amount of it. This will help the doctor monitor your condition and identify certain nuances. For type 1 diabetes, the most important thing is to follow certain rules that do not differentiate you from a healthy person in any way. The point is that one dish does not exceed 7 units of bread. It is very important to calculate your insulin dose and bread before each meal. The most important thing you need to give up is sweet drinks (lemonade, energy drinks, sweet tea, carbonated and just sweet juices) because they contain too much sugar and can significantly damage the patient’s well-being and dramatically increase sugar levels.
Type 2 Diabetes Diet
Most often, a person with type 2 diabetes can develop obesity or banal overeating. With this disease, the main task is to normalize metabolism and carbohydrates. Keep in mind that diabetes does not only occur due to the consumption of large amounts of sugar, banal overeating can also trigger the development of the disease. The body does not produce enough insulin or the cells simply lose their sensitivity. As a general rule, doctors recommend the right treatment (with pills), diet, and active lifestyle (daily physical activity is required).
The diet required for patients with type 2 diabetes, which are usually overweight and overweight, can be appropriately selected and prescribed by the endocrinologist because this disease is endocrine in nature. When prescribing a diet, the physician should interview the patient and clarify his or her gender, weight, age category, and presence of physical activity.
The second type of diet is based on weight loss and normalization of metabolism. Often, your doctor can calculate the right amount of calories per day. As a general rule, the number of calories is calculated based on the proportions per kilogram of body weight - 20 calories for women and 25 calories for men. So, if you want, you can independently calculate the number of calories you need during the day. If a person has been diagnosed with diabetes, it is very important to remember that the diet should be followed continuously. That is why it is very important to put together a diet that is delicious, healthy and varied. But let’s not forget that high-calorie foods and foods that raise blood sugar levels should be completely eliminated.
When planning a diabetes diet, it is very important to remember that you should use more foods that contain plant fiber and water. Such products help to satisfy your appetite and at the same time do not get on the body with extra pounds. The point is to lose weight, but you need to do this carefully enough so you don’t gain more weight later.
Calories and their allowance during the day
Diabetics can often lose their diet due to sharp and severe starvation and food restrictions. It is important to note that the point in a diet is not to count the number of calories consumed, but simply to consume the right foods. Under no circumstances should you count calories and try to limit them, as on the contrary, it can only aggravate the disease and impair the patient’s well-being. Scientists argue that nutrition primarily influences the development of diabetes mellitus and the incidence of associated diseases.
There’s a so-called low-carb diet that naturally forces you to give up some foods, even those you’ve loved and consumed before. However, you can choose the right foods and the diet will be quite tasty and satisfying. You can simply control your blood sugar by eating the right diet, and the food can be just as delicious, but it can be healthy. Incidentally, in 2012, Dubai scientists conducted a study on the effect of a low-carbohydrate diet on the condition and well-being of patients, as it was found that patients on such a diet were less likely to break down and regulate blood sugar levels perfectly, treatment was less painful and practically without specific restrictions. amount of food.
Fruit that can be eaten with diabetes
In diabetes, special attention is paid to fruits because fruits contain a lot of fiber and also concentrate a lot of useful vitamins, trace elements and minerals. Compared to other products, they are several times their concentration. It should be noted that they contain mainly fructose and sucrose, but glucose is virtually absent.
If we fully compare all the possible fruits, only a few can be distinguished, as only certain fruits are of value to the body. In addition, it is worth noting that it is not recommended to consume all fruits, on the contrary, some fruits are contraindicated for diabetics.
Among the fruits recommended for diabetics are: grapefruit, lemon, orange, apple, apricot, peach, pear, pomegranate, various dried fruits (recommended use of dried peaches, prunes, dried apples), among the berries - cherries, cherries, blueberries, gooseberries, currants, blackberries. But watermelons and melons, for example, should be consumed in moderation as they contain more carbohydrate components. As you have already understood, you need to consume sour fruits and berries, these will be more useful and will not increase your blood sugar levels sharply and strongly.
Many diabetics ask the question of permitted food exactly because nutrition is one of the most important factors for them. We will provide a list of foods that are recommended to be used, but I would like to note that this is just a rough list. A more specific diet for diabetes can only be determined by your doctor, as he or she knows all of your medical conditions and medical history. So what foods can you eat:
- vegetable or mushroom soup, okroshka, broths from low-fat fish; lean meats: chicken, rabbit, veal, beef;
- it is better to take bread from the second grade flour, either rye or wheat, bran bread;
- is a low-fat fish, but you can use only cooked or fried, fried fish to be removed from the diet. Canned food can be consumed, but it is important to make sure it is in their own juice, other types of canned food are prohibited;
- Among cereals, preference should be given to wheat, barley, buckwheat, oats and pearl barley porridge;
- eggs can also be eaten, but up to 2 eggs a week, and only protein is better, but it’s better to limit the amount of yolk;
- low-fat dairy products: cottage cheese, milk, yoghurts and low-fat hard cheeses;
- of fruits and berries, preference should be given to non-sweet varieties (apple, kiwi, grapefruit);
- compote, jelly and even sweets can be consumed, but it is very important that they be based on sorbitol or saccharin;
- Cucumbers, zucchini, tomatoes, pumpkins, lettuce, cabbage and eggplant are the vegetables that should be preferred. It is very good to use these vegetables raw (for example in salads);
- potatoes can be consumed in moderation, and it is very important to soak them in water before cooking, as soaking them will release starch, which is harmful to diabetes and can increase sugar;
- herbal teas, sour berry juice, wins.
As you can see, the list of allowed foods is quite large, and the most important thing is to simply adapt to proper nutrition and eat more vegetables and fruits. A diabetic diet can be quite tasty, the key to understanding that your health and well-being depends on it.
There are foods that are contraindicated and forbidden for diabetics as they can significantly increase blood sugar levels. After all, diet affects sugar levels. What food is contraindicated and what products are better to refuse:
- fatty broth; maize;
- wholemeal bread;
- fatty meat, better to give up pork, lamb, duck and goose meat. It is necessary to exclude smoked meat, sausages and lard from the diet;
- Flour products - pies, buns and various cookies. Butter and puff pastry and products made from them are strictly prohibited;
- it is worth giving up coffee and all coffee drinks;
- fatty fish, salted or smoked fish, canned (if cooked in oil or tomatoes);
- fried, spicy and fatty foods are completely contraindicated as they will only increase sugar and can trigger the development of any other disease;
- salted cheeses, cottage cheese masses and only sweet and fatty cottage cheese, butter and cream;
- high fat dairy products;
- varieties of legumes (peas, beans), salted and pickled vegetables; Fruit
- is prohibited: all kinds of grapes, bananas, dates, strawberries, figs;
- jam, sugar, chocolate and various candies;
- energy and carbonated drinks;
- grapes (grapes, multifruit) with high glucose content and sugar-based lemonade; Derived from cereals
- Forget white rice, semolina, and any type of pasta.
Properly chosen diet is very important for those with diabetes. During diabetes, diet is simply necessary, and restricting certain foods can make a patient’s life much easier. So everything is in your hands, remember that by following a certain diet, the treatment will be much easier.
It is very important to remember that the most important thing when diagnosing diabetes is proper treatment and proper diet. For some reason, many people forget about diet and assume that pills prescribed by a doctor or insulin normalize sugar, and this is not entirely wrong, as frequent drops in sugar can also lead to other more serious illnesses. Often, this disease negatively affects vision, heart, and joints. Many people with diabetes live happily, but in some ways you have to limit yourself.
The key to a long and happy life for a diabetic is proper treatment, nutrition, and a physically active lifestyle. Whatever type of diabetes is diagnosed, treatment is absolutely necessary and the diet should be adjusted immediately. Yes, diabetes is one of the incurable diseases (although scientists have been trying for years to find a cure for the full cure) that can cause other diseases as well, but if you learn to live right together, you will live a long and happy life. Remember that quality treatment and diet for diabetes is paramount.